Terminology

Written by Dyami Millarson

Our website uses technical terms that might be quite unusual to find anywhere online. We will, therefore, give an overview of unusual technical terms used on this site.

  • Amelandic {see Ameland Frisian and Ameland North Hollandic}.
    • To disambiguate Amelandic, the term is avoided and instead the unambiguous Ameland Frisian and Ameland North Hollandic are used.
  • Ameland Frisian
  • Ameland North Hollandic
  • Amrum Frisian <noun> Insular North Frisian indigenous language of Amrum; <adjective> pertaining to the Insular North Frisian language of Amrum.
  • Bargum Frisian
  • Bökingharde Frisian
  • Breklum Frisian
  • Cape Dutch <noun> Dutch indigenous language of Southern Africa; <adjective> pertaining to the Dutch indigenous language of Southern Africa.
    • We usually write Afrikaans between brackets to clarify what we mean by Cape Dutch. Afrikaans is the endonym commonly used for this language, yet Cape Dutch is the old name. We have switched to the old name again in order to combat linguistic prejudices concerning this language among English speakers.
  • Central Goesharde Frisian <noun> Continental North Frisian indigenous language family of the Southern half of the historical Northern Goesharde <adjective> pertaining to the Continental North Frisian indigenous language family of the Southern half of the historical Northern Goesharde.
  • Continental North Frisian <noun> North Frisian language family of the continent of North Frisia; <adjective> pertaining to the North Frisian language family of the continent of North Frisia.
  • Dialect <noun> inferior language.
    • Dialect is a derogatory term for language.
  • Dithmarschen Frisian <noun> Frisian indigenous language of Dithmarschen; <adjective> pertaining to the Frisian indigenous language of Dithmarschen.
    • Groth, Siebs, and Dahlman cast doubt on the existence of Dithmarschen Frisian. Outzen, Winkler, Nissen, and Emmius believed in the existence of Dithmarschen Frisian.
  • Dithmarschen Low German <noun> Low German indigenous language of Dithmarschen; <adjective> pertaining to the Low German indigenous language of Dithmarschen.
  • Drenthe Low Saxon
  • East Föhr Frisian
  • East Frisia Low Saxon <noun> Low Saxon language family indigenous to East Frisia; <adjective> pertaining to the indigenous Low Saxon language family of East Frisia.
  • East Frisian Low Saxon {see East Frisia Low Saxon}.
  • Eiderstedt Frisian <noun> North Frisian indigenous language of East Frisia; <adjective> pertaining to the indigenous North Frisian language family of Eiderstedt.
  • Ems Frisian
  • Enge Frisian
  • Föhr-Amrum Frisian <noun> Insular North Frisian indigenous language family of Föhr and Amrum; <adjective> pertaining to the Insular North Frisian language of Föhr and Amrum.
  • Föhr Frisian <noun> Insular North Frisian indigenous language family of Föhr; <adjective> pertaining to the Insular North Frisian language family of Föhr.
  • Frisia <noun> (1.a) contemporary cultural and linguistic region along the coastal areas of the Wadden Sea and North Sea in Northwestern Europe; (1.b) corresponding historical nation called Magna Frisia in Latin; (1.c) corresponding spiritual nation or kingdom eternally ruled over by Radbod, King of all Frisians; (2.) a synonym for West Frisia in sense 1.
  • Frisian <noun> indigenous language family of Frisia in sense 1; <adjective> pertaining to the indigenous language family of Frisia in sense 1.
  • Gea <noun> my Shire Frisian name for the Frisian land area where Shire Frisian is spoken.
  • Goesharde Frisian <noun> indigenous language families of the historical Goesharden; <adjective> pertaining to the indigenous language families of the historical Goesharden. {See Southern Goesharde Frisian, Central Goesharde Frisian and Northern Goesharde Frisian.}
  • Gotlandic {see Gutnish}.
  • Gröde Frisian <noun> Hallig Frisian indigenous language of Gröde; <adjective> pertaining to the Hallig Frisian indigenous language of Gröde.
  • Groningen Low Saxon <noun> Low Saxon language family indigenous to Groningen; <adjective> pertaining to the indigenous Low Saxon language family of Groningen.
  • Groningian {see Groningen Low Saxon}
  • Gutnish <noun> North Germanic indigenous language family of Gotland; <adjective> pertaining to North Germanic indigenous language family of Gotland.
  • Hallig <noun> [plural: Halligen] type of island in North Frisia.
  • Hallig Frisian <noun> Continental North Frisian indigenous language family of the islands called Halligen; <adjective> pertaining to Continental North Frisian indigenous language family of the islands called Halligen.
  • Hattstedt Frisian <noun> Southern Goesharde Frisian indigenous language of Hattstedt; <adjective> pertaining to the n> Southern Goesharde Frisian indigenous language of Hattstedt.
  • Harlingerland Frisian
    • Strictly speaking, Harlingerland Frisian is a language family. However, since there are no attested Harlingerland Frisian languages other than Stedesdorf Frisian, Harlingerland Frisian may be treated as a synonym of Stedesdorf Frisian and thus as a language.
  • Heligoland Frisian <noun> Insular North Frisian indigenous language of Heligoland; <adjective> pertaining to the Insular North Frisian language of Heligoland.
  • Helgoland Frisian {see Heligoland Frisian}.
  • Holland Frisian
  • Hindeloopen Frisian <noun> South Sea Frisian indigenous language of Hindeloopen; <adjective> pertaining to the South Sea Frisian indigenous language of Hindeloopen.
  • Imsum Frisian <noun> Wursten Frisian indigenous language of Imsum; <adjective> pertaining to the Wursten Frisian indigenous language of Imsum.
  • Insular North Frisian <noun> North Frisian language family of the North Frisian islands; <adjective> pertaining to the North Frisian language family of the North Frisian islands.
  • Karrharde Frisian <noun> Continental North Frisian indigenous language family of the historical Karrharde; <adjective> Continental North Frisian indigenous language family of the historical Karrharde.
  • Langenhorn Frisian
  • Molese <noun> indigenous language of Mola di Bari; <adjective> pertaining to the indigenous language of Mola di Bari.
  • Nordstrand-Langeneß Frisian
  • Northern Goesharde Frisian <noun> Continental North Frisian indigenous langiage family of the Northern half of the historical Northern Goesharde; <adjective> pertaining to the Continental North Frisian indigenous langiage family of the Northern half of the historical Northern Goesharde.
  • North Frisia <noun> linguistic and cultural region in Northwestern Germany which borders on Denmark.
  • North Frisian
  • Ockholm Frisian
  • Oervorm <noun> ur-form, proto-form.
  • Ramsloh Frisian
  • Rodenäs Frisian
  • Sagelterland <noun> old name for Saterland in Germany.
    • Hettema used Sagelterland in his book.
  • Sagelterland Frisian
  • Scharrel Frisian
  • Shire <noun> area in West Frisia where Shire Frisian is spoken.
    • Shire is a loan translation of Gea.
  • Shire Frisian <noun> West Frisian indigenous language family of the Shire; <adjective> pertaining to the West Frisian indigenous language family of the Shire.
  • Southern Goesharde Frisian <noun> Continental North Frisian indigenous language family of the historical Southern Goesharde; <adjective> pertaining to the Continental North Frisian indigenous language family of the historical Southern Goesharde.
  • South Föhr Frisian <noun> Föhr Frisian indigenous language of the Southern part of Föhr; <adjective> pertaining to the Föhr Frisian language of the Southern part of Föhr.
  • South Frisian <noun> Frisian indigenous language family of the region to the South of West Frisia in sense 1; <adjective> pertaining to the Frisian indigenous language family of the region to the South of West Frisia in sense 1.
  • Southwest Corner Frisian <noun> West Frisian indigenous language family of the Southwest Corner in West Frisia; <adjective> pertaining to the West Frisian indigenous language family of the Southwest Corner in West Frisia.
  • Stedesand Frisian <noun> Karrharde Frisian indigenous language of Stedesand; <adjective> pertaining to the Karrharde Frisian indigenous language of Stedesand.
  • Stedesdorf Frisian <noun> Harlingerland Frisian indigenous language of Stedesdorf; <adjective> pertaining to the Harlingerland Frisian indigenous language of Stedesdorf.
    • Since Stedesdorf Frisian is the only attested Harlingerland Frisian language, it may be used synonymously with Harlingerland Frisian.
  • Strand Frisian <noun> Continental North Frisian language family of the old, now sunken island of Strand; <adjective> pertaining to the Continental North Frisian language family of the old, now sunken island of Strand.
  • Strücklingen Frisian
  • Sylt Frisian <noun> Insular North Frisian indigenous language of Sylt; <adjective> pertaining to the Insular North Frisian language of Sylt.
  • Taalgeest <noun> language spirit.
  • Texelian <noun> indigenous language of Texel; <adjective> pertaining to the indigenous language Texel.
  • Texel North Hollandic <noun> North Hollandic language indigenous to Texel; <adjective> pertaining to the indigenous North Hollandic language family of Texel.
    • S. Keyser said Texel has more affinity with Frisia linguistically and culturally. He would therefore have preferred the term Texelian to Texel North Hollandic.
  • Upgant Frisian <noun> Ems Frisian indigenous language of Upgant-Scholt; <adjective> pertaining to the Ems Frisian indigenous language of Upgant-Scholt.
  • Wangerooge Frisian <noun> Weser Frisian indigenous language of Wangerooge; <adjective> pertaining to the Weser Frisian indigenous language of Wangerooge.
  • Weser Frisian <noun> East Frisian indigenous language family of the Eastern half of East Frisia; <adjective> pertaining to the East Frisian indigenous language family of the Eastern half of East Frisia.
  • West Föhr Frisian
  • West Frisia <noun> (1.) province in the Kingdom of the Netherlands; (2.) region in North Holland.
  • West Frisia North Hollandic <noun> indigenous language family of West Frisia in North Holland; <adjective> pertaining to the indigenous language family of West Frisia in North Holland.
  • West Frisian <noun> Frisian indigenous language family of West Frisia; <adjective> pertaining to the Frisian indigenous language family of West Frisia.
  • West Frisian North Hollandic {see West Frisia North Hollandic}.
  • Wiedingharde Frisian <noun> Continental North Frisian language family of the historical Wiedingharde; <adjective> Continental North Frisian language family of the historical Wiedingharde.
  • Wremen Frisian <noun> Wursten Frisian indigenous language of Wremen; <adjective> pertaining to the Wursten Frisian indigenous language of Wremen.
  • Wursten Frisian <noun> Weser Frisian indigenous language family of Land Wursten; <adjective> pertaining to the Weser Frisian indigenous language family of Land Wursten.
  • Wyk Frisian <noun> Strand Frisian indigenous language of Wyk on Föhr; <adjective> pertaining to the Strand Frisian language of Wyk on Föhr.